Rosacea: Causes, Types, and Treatments

image: verywell

The redness you experience on the skin, especially on the face is not always caused by acne. In fact, there is another possibility such as from eczema, perioral dermatitis, malassezia (pityrosporum) folliculitis, and rosacea.

In this article, we will talk more about rosacea, the causes of rosacea, types of rosacea, and the best treatment you can get to improve rosacea condition.



What's Rosacea?

Besides acne and hyperpigmentation, rosacea is a common skin condition some people face. Similar to acne for its lesions (papules and pustules), rosacea is a wholly different condition.

Rosacea is skin inflammation that characterized by erythema (redness), telangiectasia or known as spider veins, edema, small inflammatory bumps lesions such as papules and pustules, or combination all of them.


Different from acne which possible to develop on the back and the chest, rosacea only appears on the face; forehead, nose, cheeks, and chin area. According to The National Rosacea Society Expert Committee, rosacea has at least four subtypes according to the frequent symptom, includes:


Subtype 1 - Rosacea Erythematotelangiectatic

The first subtypes of rosacea is characterized by 'rosy' redness. The redness or erythema could appear with or without telangiectasia (prominent spider veins) on the skin. Moreover, papules, pustules, and burning sensation sometimes accompanied this type.


Subtype 2 - Rosacea Papulopustular

source image: National Rosacea Society Expert Committee

The next type of rosacea is frequently associated with pustules and papules, small bumps with pus, redness, and swelling. Rosacea papulopustular usually develops on the cheeks, chin, and forehead, so that is often mistaken as acne vulgaris. Pain, redness, and sting came along as well.


Subtype 3 - Rosacea Phymatous

The third subtypes of rosacea is known as rosacea phymatous. Generally signed by a plaque or thickening of the skin. Furthermore, nodularity and irregular surface enlargement may occur on the nose (rhinophyma), chin, forehead, cheeks, or ears. If not treated immediately, this condition can worsen and cause severe damage to the face.


Subtype 4 - Rosacea Ocular


Not only on the face, ocular rosacea can occur in the eyes. This subtype affects the eyes; eyelids, conjunctiva, and cornea. The main symptoms are watery, red eyes, burning, stinging, and itching in the eyes. In addition, blurred vision, a sensation of something in the eye, eyelid crusts and scales, and sometimes eye infections occurs. Unfortunately, ocular rosacea can happen with or without skin problems.

Causes of Rosacea

Based on studies, there are a lot of factors trigger rosacea. One of them is disorders of immune system, neuromuscular, genetics, environmental, vascular and inflammatory disorders. Take note, some additional factors may drive and worsen the inflammation of rosacea, they are:

  • Sun exposure

  • Stress

  • Heavy exercise

  • Extreme weather

  • Spicy foods

  • Alcohol consumption

  • Certain medications or cosmetics


Rosacea Treatments

Confused to differentiate acne and rosacea? Come and consult with the nearest doctor may be the best solution since rosacea is progressive condition that needs proper treatment and therapy to control the symptoms. If you see the doctor, antibiotics both topical and oral may be prescribed. Another treatment that you can choose is:

  • Laser Treatment

IORA Clinic provides various treatment laser to handle various skin problems, including rosacea subtype 1, erythematotelangiectatic. Utilizing light and heat-based energy, laser treatment swipes away the visible blood vessels to be more smoothen and less visible. Laser treatment is quick, bloodless, and painless to greatly reduce redness, thick skin, and visible blood vessels. Also, repeated procedure may needed to meet your expectation.

  • Pure Toxin

If you desire a quick and effective procedure without downtime, you may ask our doctor to give you a Pure Toxin treatment. Involving injection, pure toxin consists special serum that works to reduce the presence of redness as well as visible spider veins. The results of pure toxin can be seen and improved in 7-14 days after the procedure. It takes 15-20 minutes to do with numb cream.